donderdag 30 mei 2013

Gold Has Now Hit Marginal Cost of Production

In this post I will try to explain how important it is to watch the total marginal cash cost of gold mining to predict where the gold price (GLD) will be headed to. This marginal cost can be divided in two parts: cash cost of production and other costs (exploration, construction, maintenance, etc...) and stands at around $1300/ounce. With the recent decline in the price of gold, I believe we have finally hit the bottom.

The gold price has always followed the marginal cost of suppliers throughout history (Figure 1). The correlation between gold prices and gold mining cash costs between 1980 and 2010 stood at 0.85, which is pretty highly correlated (Source: CPM Gold Yearbook 2011).

With the price of gold at $1400/ounce today I'm pretty sure we can't go much lower if this correlation proves to be correct.

The following chart is the most important chart every gold investor needs to be aware of. As I mentioned before, there is a high correlation between the all in cash costs of gold mining and the gold price (Chart 4). So investors need to monitor the total cash cost of gold mining in order to predict the trend in the gold price itself.
(click to enlarge)

Continue reading here.

woensdag 29 mei 2013

Bank Deposits Update: Spain is in trouble

Time for another bank deposit update for the month of April 2013.

Cyprus continued to have a bank run in deposits, but the most interesting event is that Spain's deposits are starting to deteriorate too.

Guess where the deposits are going to? Yes, Germany, France, Italy and even Belgium.

That means that money is flowing from the periphery into the center of Europe. I wonder how long this imbalance can continue.

donderdag 23 mei 2013

Shanghai Gold Premium Skyrockets to New Highs

One of the most important features of this blog is that you get real time alerts on important data.

One of those data is the premium I see on the Shanghai precious metals market. And today we see a huge increase in premium in gold (Chart 2). Gold premiums to London bullion price have reached 2.6%, the highest since I monitored it. Silver premiums also shot up to 3.8% (Chart 1).

That's a bullish sign.

James Turk talked about these huge premiums in Asia:
The huge premiums over spot in Asia and the long delivery times in London clearly show that this takedown in gold over the past few weeks was all about what was taking place in the paper market.

Chart 1: Silver Premium Shanghai to London

Chart 2: Gold Premium Shanghai to London

dinsdag 21 mei 2013

Correlation: Gold/Silver Ratio Vs. S&P

Zero Hedge thaught us another correlation. The Gold/Silver Ratio actually has a meaning.

When the ratio goes up, gold goes up more than silver, which means fear is growing. In that environment, the stock market declines. Conversely, when the gold/silver ratio declines, silver is stronger than gold, which means fear is going away and the risk-on trade is prevalent.

Another way to look at it is: when stock markets plunge, silver won't do well.

Chart 1: Gold/Silver Ratio Vs. S&P
So we have yet another tool to predict the stock markets. Just keep it in mind.

You can monitor the Gold/Silver ratio here:

maandag 20 mei 2013

Disconnect between selling price of physical silver and paper silver

As the paper silver keeps falling (blue chart), some miners aren't willing to reduce their selling price (red chart) on their silver bullion.

This lead to a huge disconnect between paper and physical silver of $5.5/ounce, or a 25% premium!
Chart 1: Disconnect between Physical Silver and Paper Silver at First Majestic Silver Corp

zaterdag 18 mei 2013

Peter Schiff at MoneyShow Las Vegas 2013

Peter can become a stand-up comedian anytime. Hilarious!

Correlation: Monitoring the GLD Trust ETF to Predict Gold Prices Based on Demand

As demand is now being dictated for a part by the ETF's, we need to pay attention to what is happening in the trusts. Are they unloading their gold? Because if they keep unloading their gold, the demand from ETF's is going to decline, which has a negative impact on the gold price. This is the theory of supply and demand.

You can monitor this chart daily at the SPDR gold trust site:

Chart 1: GLD Trust: Units in the trust (tonnes)
As I indicated here, ETF's were the largest sellers in gold, resulting in a 13% decline in the demand for gold. I cannot stress how important it is that ETF's keep buying gold. If they don't buy, like what happened starting in 2013, then the price of gold will decline. The great difference between 2013 and 2008 is that in 2008, ETF's were massive buyers of gold, while today they are massive sellers. Keep watching this trend. If it reverses, you can confidently start buying precious metals

The Great Disconnect in the Paper and Physical Precious Metals Market

Over the last few months, precious metals investors have seen their net worth decline due to declining precious metals prices (GLD), (SLV). A lot of this decline in precious metals prices was due to a decrease in demand, which was the result of selling by hedge funds as the World Gold Council reported here.

First quarter gold demand of 963 tonnes was down 13% compared with Q1 2012 due to an outflow in the total gold ETF holdings of 177 tonnes. 2013 marks the first year in a decade where ETF's are actually selling gold. While ETF holdings were reduced, this selling has been countered by an increase in physical demand for gold by China and India. Total demand in China rose 20% to 294 tonnes in Q1 2013 as compared to Q1 2012 (50 tonnes increase).

This huge increase in demand for physical gold can be witnessed on Chart 1, which gives the net imports of gold from Hong Kong to China.
While Chinese demand for gold was strong, Indian demand increased at an even higher pace. The Indian demand for gold increased 27% on the same quarter last year to 257 tonnes.

On the supply side we see a total increase of 1% in the first quarter of 2013 as compared to Q1 2012. Mine production increased 4% while recycling of gold decreased 4%.
(click to enlarge)

So, the reason for the decline in precious metals prices is evident from an increase in supply (mine production increased) and a decrease in demand for gold (ETF outflows) (Chart 2). But there is an important point I need to make here. While the supply side is pretty constant at 1% increase, the demand side is the critical indicator we need to look at with its 13% decline. The decline was a result of hedge funds converting their gold holdings into equities. The Dow Jones (DIA) hit an all time high last week, fueled by a bullish prospect in the equity market of Japan, which on itself was a result of the massive Japanese monetary stimulus announced in April 2013. Although investors are cheering the bull market in equities, the macroeconomic conditions keep worsening. A few examples were a deterioration in PMI, capacity utilization, ISM manufacturing, vehicle sales, ADP employment, initial claims, PPI, mortgage applications, wages.

To see what this means for gold, read on here.

maandag 13 mei 2013

Gold Lease Rate

This page is created to monitor the "Gold Lease Rate".

The gold interest rate earned on fiat gold is commonly referred as the gold “lease” rate.

It is calculated as:
Gold Lease Rate = Libor Rate - Gold Forward Rate.

The LBMA presents the data every day at this link.

Whenever the gold lease rate tops out (spikes upwards), the gold price will hit a bottom as central banks demand the gold back from the bullion banks at higher gold lease rates. So it is a bullish sign to have high gold lease rates. It means that the GOFO rate is very low, which indicates backwardation in gold.

zaterdag 11 mei 2013

Gold Price Target

This page is created to monitor the target price of gold as opposed to the money supply M1, central bank forex reserves, fed custodials and U.S. external debt.

M1 correlates to gold because the more money is present in the system, the more gold can be bought and the higher the gold price will become.

Central bank forex reserves correlate to gold because a central bank tends to have as much gold as forex reserves on their balance sheet.

Federal Reserve Custodial accounts are a group of accounts that contain money from foreign central banks (mostly treasuries and a some MBS's). In other words these are the U.S. debt holdings of Foreign Central Banks around the world. It is a direct measure in our opinion of how foreign central banks view the stability and value of the dollar, and the current monetary policies of the US. It frequently shows changes in major financial trends far ahead of "the crowd's" awareness. A rising custodial trend is accompanied by rising gold prices.

Increasing U.S. external debt (which can be found here) leads to higher gold prices because the amount of gold held by the Federal Reserve should be linear with the U.S. external debt held by foreigners. Technically, to be solvent, the U.S. should be able to sell all of its gold to buy up all external debt. As of 2013, external debt was $5.5 trillion. The U.S. held 8133.5 tonnes (or 260272000 oz’s) of gold. To be solvent, the gold price would need to be $5.5 trillion/260272000 = $21131/ounce. This is 15 times higher than the current gold price.

vrijdag 10 mei 2013

Red Alert in Gold Lease Rates

I have become very bullish lately on silver and was already bullish on gold.

But the following chart makes me ultimately bullish. We see the biggest increase in gold lease rates as of yesterday and we have seen this before. In 2008, the gold lease rates started to spike upwards, which meant gold was in short supply. It also meant that the "interest" to hold gold was going up, just like the "interest" on your cash is going up.

This ultimately means that the world is valuing gold at a higher interest rate and the central banks are demanding their gold back from the bullion banks.

We are in for a huge upside move if you ask me.

Percentage of U.S. Government Public Debt held by Foreigners

This page is created to monitor the Percentage of U.S. Government Public Debt held by Foreigners.

The debt held by foreigners can be found here.

From the chart we can conclude that an ever increasing amount of the U.S. Government Public Debt is financed by foreigners. As long as the chart keeps increasing, U.S. bonds are in demand by foreigners. Once this chart starts to decline, it means that confidence of foreigners in U.S. debt is starting to wane.

The following chart gets updated weekly, so this is the most important chart to monitor.

donderdag 9 mei 2013

Central Bank Balance Sheets: U.S., Eurozone, Japan

This page is created to monitor the balance sheet of the U.S., Eurozone, Japan and the United Kingdom.

There is a strong correlation between the price of gold and the expansion of the total sum of all central bank balance sheets in the world.

ECB = blue
U.S. Federal Reserve = red
Bank of Japan = green
Bank of England = orange

(The Chinese balance sheet is not included in this graph as it is not available on FRED)


dinsdag 7 mei 2013

China Gold Imports Hit Record High

An update on the China Gold Imports from Hong Kong has just been put out on Bloomberg. It is amazing, how much they are buying, imports more than doubled.

And the thing is, the massive drop in the gold price in April is not even counted in the numbers yet.

Copper Contango Alert

Just a small reminder that the contango in copper is now dropping.

That means the copper rally is about to start now.


maandag 6 mei 2013

Potemkin Rally

The Potemkin Villages were Russian constructions, created to deceive others into thinking something is better than it really is.

The Potemkin Rally describes how the Federal Reserve is manipulating the market in order to create a deception of a rising stock market. It looks like the economy is improving, but it's actually just a mirage.

As long as the following chart (stocks divided by Fed Balance Sheet) stays flat, the stock market rally is really engineered by the Federal Reserve. If the Federal Reserve takes the punch bowl away, everything collapses.

I read about a very unusual correlation at Zerohedge. Apparently, there is a similarity between the employment to population ratio (red graph) and the Potemkin Rally (blue graph). (The Potemkin Rally graph measures the ratio between the stock market and the Fed's Balance Sheet.)

There are implications if this correlation is true. It means that when the U.S. government prints money (otherwise known as QE), the blue graph goes down (in a scenario where the stock market flattens out). If the blue graph goes down, the red graph goes down too, which means the unemployment rate goes up.

This means we are venturing into a paradox. It means that we get to a stage where money printing makes the unemployment rate go up instead of down. Janet Yellen's QE won't help employment.

But the alternative is equally bad. Not to print money could make the stock market crash, which will also result in a declining blue chart. So we are now stuck between a rock and a hard place.